首页 - 2017年7期建筑专刊JOURNAL

贵州不同地域布依族民居建造适应性对比研究 ——黔中白村与黔西南柯村两个案例的比较

A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE ADAPATION OF BUYI RESIDENCES IN DIFFERENT AREAS IN GUIZHOU: CASES OF "BAI VILLAGE" AND "KE VILLAGE"

许佳琪 丁菲 周政旭   Xu Jiaqi Ding Fei Zhou Zhengxu
关键字:布依族;山地;适应;地域性;贵州;聚落
Buyi nationality; mountain; adaptation; regionalism; Guizhou; settlements
摘要:布依族广泛分布于今天的黔南、黔西南、黔中等地区,其聚落与民居具有典型的山地民族特色。受到各聚居地不同的环境气候、地形地貌、文化风俗等外在地域性因素的影响,使得不同地区的布依族民居在外部造型、内部空间、平面布置、材料做法等方面呈现出一定的差异化特征。本文基于2015年黔中白水河地区调研和2017年黔西南南盘江河谷柯纳树村的两次调研,将距离约100 km的两类布依族民居作为研究对象,通过实地踏勘、调查访谈、详细测绘,比较分析同一民族在不同地域环境下的适应性建造形成的不同表达。
The Buyi nationality are widely distributed in southern, southwestern and central part of Guizhou and other regions, its villages and dwellings have the typical mountain national characteristics. Different climate, topography, cultural customs of regional factors, makes the local-style dwelling houses in different parts of the province something different in some aspect, such as external shape, space, layout, material practice, etc. Based on two research project of the villages in Baishui-river region in central Guizhou in 2015 and the Kenashu village in Nanpan-river Valley in southwest Guizhou in 2017, with the distance of more than 100 kilometers, through field exploration, investigation, interview, detailed surveying and mapping, this paper tried to do a comparative analysis concerning the expression of adaptability construction of same nationality in different geographical environment.