首页 - 2017年7期建筑专刊JOURNAL

短程可变建筑的自适应性

ADAPTATION OF SHORT-TERM VARIABLE ARCHITECTURE

卢健松 伍梦瑶 郭秋岩   Lu Jiansong Wu Mengyao Guo Qiuyan
关键字:建筑;可变;适应性;长程;短程
architecture; changeable; adaptation; long-term; short-term
摘要:适应性揭示了系统与环境之间的动态干扰、协同、演化的机制。建筑适应性,包含简单关联适应机制、动态适应机制、长时段复杂适应机制三个不同的层次。当人的主观性纳入建筑的研究范畴,建筑将不再是一个静止的孤立系统,而是一个可以随着环境要素变化的可变体系。本文基于建筑的可变性,对建筑物的短程可变(构件可变、空间可变)、长程可变(新陈代谢、非正规营造)现象进行了分析,着重研究了“短程可变”中的两方面内容:构件即时可变(响应式建筑、可扩张结构、可变适应性建筑);空间可变建筑的适应性,指出不同周期建筑可变性在适应能力、方式、范畴上的差异,并将其归纳为不同时空尺度上相应的设计方法。
Adaptation reveals the mechanism of dynamic interference, coordination and evolution between the system and the environment. Architecture adaptation includes three different levels of research: simple association adaptation mechanism, dynamic adaptation mechanism and long period complex adaptation mechanism. When human's subjectivity is included in the study area of architecture, architecture will no longer be a static isolated system, but a variable system that can change with the change of environmental factors. Based on the variability of buildings, the paper analyzes two phenomenon: the short term variable phenomenon (including component variable and space variable) and the long term variability phenomenon (including metabolism and irregular construction). The following two parts, which are parts of the short term variable phenomenon, are the focuses of the paper: the real-time variable phenomenon (including responsive architecture, expandable structure and variable adaptive architecture), the adaptation of space variant architecture. The paper points out the variability of different periods of buildings and differences in their adaptability, the way and the scope, and summed it up as the corresponding design methods on different space-time scales.